Taught over 40 years at the Hebrew University, at the Hebrew Literature Department's section for Aggadah and Folk Literature. Her research interests include: Poetics, folk literature, ethnography, everyday life and gender in Rabbinic literature; theory of folklore and folk literature; the proverb genre; folk culture, folklore and multi-culturality in Israel; the Wandering/Eternal Jew figure in the culture of Europe and beyond. She has published many books and numerous articles in these areas.
She has been the incumbent of the Max and Margarethe Grunwald Chair for Folklore and the academic head of the Jewish and Comparative Folklore program; the academic director of Misgav Yerushalayim CCenter for Sephardi and Oriental Jewish Heritage; Head of the Mandel Institute of Jewish Studies; active in numerous Faculty of Humanities and Hebrew University committees. Co-founder of the Jerusalem Studies in Jewish Folklore and the annual Inter-university Folklore Conference series.
Professor Hasan-Rokem has taught and conducted research at leading institutions in Europe and the United States, among them the University of California Berkeley (numerous times); the University of Chicago, the University of Pennsylvania, the universities of Helsinki, Stockholm, Oslo, Bergen, Rutgers University and Williams College. She has been Fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin, at the Israel Institute for Advanced Studies in Jerusalem, at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania, at the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies, as well as at the Scholion Center of Interdisciplinary Studies in Jewish Studies and the Humanities at the Hebrew University.
She has held the position of President of the International Society of Folk Narrative Research; continues to hold editorial board member positions in international journals for Jewish Studies and Folklore and Folk Literature and serve as reviewer and evaluator for numerous international journals and for search and promotion committees at leading institutions.
Professor Hasan-Rokem has supervised over thirty doctoral dissertations at the Hebrew University and some at other institutions. She is active in a number of NGOs promoting equality, justice and peace, and has been among the founding editorial board members of the Palestine Israel Journal. She has published original Hebrew poetry and translates poetry from Swedish and Finnish into Hebrew.